When a tooth becomes chipped, fractured, loosened or removed, it is known as dental trauma. This is caused by an external factor that has resulted in severe damage to a tooth, such as a heavy blow to the mouth. The specific type of dental trauma is important to diagnose in order for the patient to receive the correct form of treatment. Surf City Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery offers comprehensive treatment for dental trauma to ensure as much of the natural tooth is saved as possible and restore it to its normal strength and resilience.
Diagnosing Dental Trauma
Dental trauma can be diagnosed as either as a luxation injury or a fracture injury. A luxation injury is when the tooth has become tender to the touch, loosened, pushed into the jawbone, pushed into an awkward angle, or fallen out completely. This type of issue requires treatment to attempt to place the tooth back into its original position within the socket. This can involve a splint being placed or realignment with forceps to correct the placement of the tooth. Fracture injury is the other type of dental trauma, in which the tooth has become fractured. A fracture injury can affect the enamel, pulp and root of a tooth. The pulp is the living tissue inside of a tooth, and makes the treatment more complicated when compromised. This type of injury can be repaired via restorative procedures, such as bonding or placing a crown.
How Can Dental Trauma Be Treated?
If a tooth has become fractured, it is important to try and bring the part of the tooth that has fallen out to our office, as there is the possibility of bonding it back together. It is best to call our office as soon as possible after the incident so our professionals can advise you on the best course of action for your tooth. Sometimes the dental trauma is non-urgent and a procedure can take place when it is next convenient. However, other occasions call for the patient to come in as soon as possible when the damage is severe. In mild cases, it is a matter of mending the shape of the tooth by replacing the missing enamel with resin. If the pulp has been affected by dental trauma, then more comprehensive treatment will need to take place. In the majority of cases, soft foods are advised for the week after the incident to prevent unnecessary strain on the affected area and to help the healing process. Other aftercare instructions will be provided, and antibiotic mouthwash may be prescribed. If you have splints to repair the damage to your tooth, our professionals may ask you to come back for x-rays once the splints are removed to check that the tooth has healed properly within its socket. Surf City Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery can accommodate all kinds of dental trauma and use the most effective treatment available for your oral complication. Our team believes in preserving as much of the natural tooth as possible, and our professionals will do so where we can. Contact our office at 657-384-2787 to book an appointment.