Dental hygiene is the key to healthy teeth and gums. You might have heard this statement many times before. Poor oral hygiene can lead to many diseases affecting your eating practices. Periodontitis is a common but serious infection of the gums. It can damage your gums and jawbone if left untreated for extensive periods. Our surgeons at Surf City Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery recommend monthly oral examinations to avoid infections.
What Is Periodontitis?
Periodontitis is a gum infection caused by harmful bacteria. The disease progresses when bacteria accumulates on your teeth and causes inflammation. The bacterial disease can lead to loose gums, bleeding, pain, and bone loss if left untreated early. The advanced stages of periodontitis may lead to tooth loss and foul breath.
Early diagnosis of the disease can save you from its adverse effects. Despite the body's immune responses to fight harmful bacteria, the rapid accumulation may spread to the gums. Dentists advise proper oral hygiene routines to prevent bacterial accumulation.
Causes of Periodontitis
The most apparent cause of periodontitis is poor oral hygiene. If you do not brush your teeth regularly, harmful bacteria may accumulate on your teeth. The accumulation keeps on growing due to poor dental cleaning practices. When bacterial interaction increases, the accumulated bacteria reaches unreachable spots. It starts to multiply and form dental plaque.
You may recover from bacterial effects by regularly brushing your teeth to remove dental plaque. However, overlooking thorough cleaning may deposit minerals in your teeth, reaching the roots. The mineral deposits further speed up bacterial accumulation, causing inflammation in the gums. As the infection progresses, the bacteria creates gaps between the gum and the root, leading to loose and bleeding gums.
Besides poor dental hygiene, excessive smoking, type-2 diabetes, genetic problems, and immune diseases may also increase the risk of periodontitis.
Generally, the symptoms depend on how bad the disease is. While this is valid, you may notice a few common symptoms, including bleeding gums while brushing teeth, foul breath, loose teeth, receding gums, plaque formation on teeth, chewing difficulties, foul taste, and inflammations in the mouth.
It is worth noting that the early stages of periodontitis may not show obvious symptoms. You may notice eating problems due to the abovementioned factors as it progresses.
How to Diagnose Periodontitis
If you notice swelling in your gums or bleeding while flossing, you may want to make visiting your dentist a priority for a thorough examination. Your dentist will diagnose the disease and prescribe appropriate medication and cleaning practices to avoid spreading the infection. Sometimes, inflammation and bleeding may occur due to other reasons. Going to your dentist regularly can save you from unprecedented teeth infections.
How Untreated Dental Issues Cause Harm to Other Body Parts
For a variety of reasons, dental health is crucial. Patients may have problems with their teeth and mouth if they have cavities, bad breath, or gum disease. Bacteria may enter the bodies via the mouth. As a result of the bacteria's ability to penetrate the bloodstream, other portions of our bodies may get infected or swollen.
Read More About Gum Disease
Periodontitis is a severe dental infection that may lead to teeth and bone loss. Early diagnosis can save you from bacterial infections. If you need more information about the disease or need to schedule an examination, you may reach out to 657-384-2787 to reserve your appointment.